Both programmetitles are somewhat misleading, since the members of Operation Greenup were tasked withgathering intelligence rather than directly killing Nazis, and the only connection with the filmInglorious Basterds is that they were American Jews operating behind enemy lines. 84-88 THANK YOU FOR SUPPORTING VETERAN JOURNALISM - JOIN SOFREP+ , Last week we posted a story on the OSS (Office of Strategic Services) and how after 73 years they were finally recognized as a group and were honored with a Congressional Gold Medal. The OG group shared a unique bond. September 1734 in Zell im Wiesental; 16. Quentin Tarantinos 2009 warfilmwas partly based on a real story. The trio had supplies packages dropped with them, but unfortunately were unable to locate the packet containing their skis. Moscow Should Prepare For Probable US Nuclear Aggression: Reports Russian Military Journal, Destroying American Monster Abrams: Pro-Russian Group Release A How-To Video, Dr. Mary E. Walker: The First AND Only Female Medal Of Honor Recipient, Bakhmut on the Brink of Falling to Russian Troops, Decorated Navy SEAL Died in HALO Training Accident, Adam Brown: A SEALs Life of Courage and Redemption, Complete List: Ticonderoga-class Missile Cruisers To Retire By 2027, Nuclear Close Calls That Nearly Caused World War III, Russian Sausage Millionaire and Putin Critic Falls to His Death in India, Deadly Russian Rifle Brigade Wiped Out During War in Ukraine. There was only one problemthey got dropped off at the wrong port. Avoiding roaming German fighters, flak, and forceful Alpine winds and backdrafts, Billings threaded through 9,000-foot high canyon-like mountains and found the drop zone. Mayer was asked to dine with Hofer, his wife and the German Ambassador to Italy, Rudolph Rahn. The Germans had captured another American agent named Hermann Matull. Mayer was put in command of Operation Greenup, with Wijnberg as his radio operator. Operation FORTITUDE involved a group of double agents feeding disinformation to the Germans but the group was an odd collection of criminals, playboys, party girls, and a woman obsessed with her dog. One of the OSS men chosen for this mission was Frederick Mayer. They didn't end up killing Hitler, but they were able to negotiate the . The German Luftwaffe Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe (Swallow) was the first operational jet fighter and appeared in air combat towards the end of World War Two.The Me 262 has always been one of my favourite World War Two era aircraft.It wasn't the best jet to ever grace the skies but I have always liked its shark like, leading edge design! An overwhelming majority of them were women and children. The top and bottom have been folded over and stitched together. Nonetheless, this story has made some people uncomfortable. Franz Anton von Weber (* 26. Wijnberg and Weber had to flee, whilst Mayer was tortured by the Gestapo. Mayer radioed the exact location and dimensions back to headquarters. tells you more! Hans Landa chokes Bridget Von Hammersmark to death. Franz E. Weber N, N-Dimethylacetamide is an FDA approved solvent widely used in pharmaceutical industry to facilitate the solubility of lipophilic, high molecular weight drugs with poor water . Compared to dozens of other cities and towns, defended till the last shell and cartridge by German forces, then pulverized by US air power and artillery, Innsbruck survived the war nearly unscathed. From 0-99, there is something for the child in all of us. People Projects Discussions Surnames They had to walk down the glacier, sometimes waist deep in snow. Weber stayed with his family, his fiances mother took Mayer in, and Wijnberg stayed at a neighbors house. Mayer was then betrayed and captured. Since 2013, Fondation Franz Weber is working closely with the World Heritage Centre to support the conservation and safeguard of natural World Heritage sites.This partnership intends to strengthen the Rapid Response Facility (RRF), a programme jointly managed by the UNESCO World Heritage Centre and Fauna & Flora International aimed at protecting natural World Heritage sites in emergency . Nationality: German (1933-1945, Third Reich) Biography. This man was Hermann Matull, who was also working as a spy in the region. They found that Germans were using movable bridges on the Brenner railway that they hid in tunnels by day and used only at night. Disguised as a French electrician, Mayer tried to infiltrate one of the Luftwaffe factories. Mayer, who is Jewish, and his family fled Germany at the onset of the war, barely escaping the holocaust. Representing a variety of world class athletes, the company specializes in client hospitality and luxury adventure travel notably . Then he posed as a French electrician to infiltrate a Messerschmitt factory. Despite the agents bullish strength, the SS men brutally manhandled him, shoving him to the floor. Hans Wynberg, a Dutch-born Jew whose family was sent to Auschwitz, and Franz Weber, an Austrian officer who had defected from the German army, worked with Mayer. He was finally arrested when a black marketeer was caught by Nazi authorities and fingered Mayer as a, OSS Finally Recognized More Than 70 Years Later By Congress, PO Box 1077 MURFREESBORO, Tennessee 37133 United States, P.O. Franz Carl Weber. Then the Nazis came to power. According to The Washington Post, Tarantino thought Christoph Waltz couldn't perform the scene convincingly enough and choked actress Diane Kruger himself. Nazis! He joined the OGs (Operational Groups), specifically Operational Group Germany. Historical records matching Franz Weber Franz Weber in GenealogieOnline Family Tree Index view all Immediate Family. According to Roth, "[The flames] were spreading so exponentially. Uncoiling a rawhide whip, the tall one put his full weight behind each swing, mercilessly thrashing the agents body like a side of beef. His website is I'd have a 100-page script and no end in sight. So how did the title of Tarantino's WWII revenge flick go from "Inglorious Bastards" to "Inglourious Basterds"? Out jumped a bruised and battered Mayer, who offered the formal surrender of the entire regions German Army. I do not want them to think that they are getting a glimpse of who you are really going to be.'" But this ninety-somethings life hasnt always been so simple. I was really training for it.". Then they boarded a Gestapo-infested train bound for Innsbruck (a major rail hub) where they were asked for their papers. High winds buffeted the plane making them lose 6000 feet of altitude in just 18 seconds. THANK YOU FOR SUPPORTING VETERAN JOURNALISM - JOIN SOFREP+ Do you have more information about this person? It added in one two-minute scene where the Basterds and Lt. Archie Hicox prepare for the rendezvous in the La Louisiana tavern, as well as a brief joke involving Joseph Goebbels having sex with his translator, while making around a minute's worth of small trims and adjustments for pacing elsewhere in the film. Log in or sign up for Facebook to connect with friends, family and people you know. In 1996, Franz was He penetrated a secret underground factory producing jet engines for the Third Reich. It featured a few re-enactments, but most of the story was told by the two Jewish refugees, Hans Wijnbergand Fred Mayer, with the widow and son of Franz Weber, the Wehrmacht officer, also contributing. Born in Rohleder (Raskaty) Russia to Heinrich Weber (1799 - 1848) and Susanna Fritz (1807-after 1861). are western hognose snakes legal in the uk risk assessment for cleaning pigeon droppings Website +41 44 225 78 78 Google Maps Public transport. Modifying the papers so that Mayers picture appeared on it, he moved into her hospital to recover.. However, he was never caught and lived a relatively peaceful life until his death in 1964. Fred Raskin, Menke's assistant editor on "KillBill," would become Tarantino's go-to editor following her death, starting with "Django Unchained" in 2012. The Life Summary of Georg. Eventually, the man who fingered Mayer was brought in and he knew the ruse was up. He found and recruited deserter-volunteer, Franz Weber. Diane Kruger was not the only "Inglourious Basterds" cast member to face potentially dangerous scenarios during the film shoot. It was the perfect opportunity to kill Nazis, which was the reason many Jewish boys joined. Tarantino would later reedit his movie "The Hateful Eight" into a miniseries for Netflix. Former Director of CIA William Casey called Operation Greenup the most successful operation of World War II. Heinrich Weber (1799-1848) married Susanna Fritz (1807-aft 1861) a. Franz Weber (this Franz Weber) b. Anna Maria Miller c. Elizabeth Herrman Provided by Trecil. His captors whipped him, doused him with water and suspended him from a rifle, but he only admitted he was an Americanofficer when the man who had betrayed him was brought in and identified him. Talking on the podcast "The Moment with Brian Koppelman,"the director said, "I told [Waltz], 'I'm not doing this to be perverse game playing everybody is so curious about who is playing Hans Landa. After tramping through chest-deep snow, the men literally sledded down the side of the glacier in a Santa Claus-like sleigh. It could be a way around the MPAA's sensitivity about profanity in movie titles. Kruger did consent to this, and she posted on Instagramin 2018 that Tarantino "treated me with utter respect and never abused his power or forced me to do anything I wasn't comfortable with." Mayer was motivated by a powerful combination of hate and lovehate toward the Nazis and love for America. STIWOT, 1999-2023. Feeling he had achieved his speed skiing goals, Franz permanently retired from the sport following the 1992 Olympics. And although he was circumcised, the Gestapo thought nothing of it since many non-Jews also practiced circumcision. 8001 Zrich. Ulmer asked several pointed questions about their background, and the men revealed that they were Jewish. In February, 1945, an odd trio parachuted onto a vast Austrian glacier and kicked-off one of the most spectacular clandestine missions of World War II. When the American 103rd Infantry Division of the Seventh Army closed in on Innsbruck on the morning of 3 May 1945, they were met by a car sporting a white bedsheet. Joesch M, Weber F, Eichner H, Borst A: Functional specialization of parallel motion detection circuits in the fly. So, though the story is completely fictional, the Basterds are pretty much based on some real-life groups that gave their lives to defeat the Nazis, like Nakam, the Jewish group devoted to killing or, as it's literally translated from Hebrew, "to avenge their people." For the next several months, Mayer and his best friend Hans Winberg went about planning Operation Greenup. Mayer was allowed to send a message to the OSS. Consider an Allied espionage operation code-named GREENUP, which in some ways is even more improbable than a Hollywood pot-boiler. He was 94 years old. His father didnt want to leave Germany. A sense of calm came over Mayer, and he looked directly into the eyes of the Gestapo agent. Christoph Waltz's performance as the erudite, sociopathic "Jew Hunter" Hans Landa was the most widely praised part of "Inglourious Basterds." Between "Jackie Brown" in 1997 and "KillBill Vol. 3 (Fall 2010), pp. The Gestapo agent that had mercilessly beaten him was taken to the very cell where he had tortured Mayer. Mayer obtained a German uniform and impersonated a wounded officer. It was difficult to find a suitable drop point, as the obvious places were all occupied by the enemy. As the company approached along the relatively featureless terrain, it came under violent MG . Later, West learned that Mayer was a sergeant. However, things took a turn for the worse when a member of Mayers spy network betrayed him. His family owned a hardware store that was boycotted because they were Jewish once Hitler became chancellor in 1933. That guy was an extra. Franz Weber. When telling this story to The Los Angeles Times in 2009, Roth also noted that the part where the giant swastika falls in the theater was an accident, resulting from the unexpectedly powerful fires burning the steel cables holding it up. And when youre done with all of those hundreds of books, you can turn to film. The trio had supplies packages dropped with them, but unfortunately were unable to locate the packet containing their skis. After training for months and mapping out the mission in minute detail, the men were ready to gobut no one wanted to fly the team. According to The Playlist, the theatrical cut of "Inglourious Basterds" runs one minute longer than the Cannes version. They said if we were in there another 15 seconds, the stage we were on would have collapsed and we all would have been killed." He parachuted into the Third Reich, where he impersonated a German officer, blew up trains, sent back intelligence on Hitlers bunker, and even accepted the surrender of Innsbruck, Austria. He called in air strikes, destroying dozens of them. They eventually made contact with Webers family. They tortured him brutally, but he didnt break. He is a two-time overall winner of the Tournament of Champions and four-time Rolex Legends Series Champion. They showed him a picture of Mayers ruined face, but Matull was a world-class hustler before the war. tells you more! See Photos. view all Franz Weber's Timeline. Sally Menke edited every one of QuentinTarantino's movies from "Reservoir Dogs" in 1992 all the way up until "Inglourious Basterds" in 2009. Channel 5 in the UK broadcast a documentary called The Nazi Killers on Friday 22 November. He married Katharina Haechlinger about 1550. Friedrich Fred Mayers father was a decorated war veteran for his distinguished service to the German Empire in WWI. Wijnberg was sent by his parents, along with his twin brother, from the Netherlands in 1939to live with his fathers business partner in the USA in 1939. But at the radio station, Mayer persuaded the Nazi to declare Innsbruck an open city, and place himself under his arrest, effectively surrendering the city and his forces to Mayer. An Olympian, six-time consecutive World Speed Skiing Champion - Franz Weber is also a former world record-holder and still holds the North American record, at 129.303 mph/208.092 kph which he set in 1983 in Silverton, Colorado. Franz Weber (30 November 1921 - 28 July 2014 in Mnchen) was a German Obergefreiter in the Wehrmacht during World War II. Sent to Italy, he was teamed up with Hans Wijnberg another Jewish-American whose family was thrown intoAuschwitz. Translated by Mara Isabel Carrasco Cara Chards, Read more:"Say 'What' Again!" An irreverent alternate history following two intersecting plots of Jews taking violent revenge against the Nazis (one by an orphaned French theater owner named Shosanna, the other by an American GI squad known as the Basterds), Tarantino's sixth film became the director's biggest hit up to that point in the summer of 2009. ADVERTISING. Weve already been checked, Weber asserted with great chutzpah. Franz Weller was captured in May 1945 by . All rights reserved 2022 Collective Culture. Two of them, Mayer and Wynberg, were exiled Jewish men in America who had fled their countries when hostilities began in Germany. They didnt embark on any sort of killing spree, but they did succeed in their mission. Thinking he wanted revenge, the Americans later brought Mayer to a cell. U.S. Military. Exhausted, they finally sledded their way down, something Mayer later claimed was the scariest part of the mission. STIWOT, 1999-2023. But that's another story for another time. It wasn;t until they brought in the informant that Mayer finally admitted he was an American agent, but insisted that he worked alone. He died on August 10, 1962 in West Berlin, West Germany. Do you want to create your own battlefield tour to sights of wars from the past? They therefore had to walk in deep snowto Oberperfuss, Webers home village. Edit Search New Search Jump to Filters. Over 16.5 million men and women served in the armed forces during World War II, of whom 291,557 died in battle, 113,842 died from other causes, and 670,846 were wounded. They jumped in on February 26, 1945. And 15 Other Iconic Lines From Tarantino's FilmsThe Real-Life Django Who Rebelled Against Slavery And No One Talks About Enough10 Lessons We Learned From The Bad-Ass Women In Tarantino's Universe. He says Waltz was also instructed to not show up to rehearsals with any of his co-stars, with the one exception ofDenis Mnochet (who played the dairy farmer Perrier LaPadite and shares the film's suspenseful opening scene with Waltz). Or are you interested in war medals and their recipients? His undercover work led to valuable intelligence and a network of informants that helped identify the location and dimensions of Hitlers Fhrerbunker in Berlin, the condition of Nazi war plants and movement of enemy freight and troops through the Brenner Pass. They were joined byFranz Weber, an ex-Wehrmacht officer turned freedom fighter comparable to the Basterds' Hugo Stiglitz. Headquartered in Reno, Nevada, Franz Weber, Inc. is a sports management and consulting company founded in 1984 by Franz Weber and his wife Janett. 945 Magazine Street, New Orleans, LA 70130 Weber, a Catholic, had deserted, convinced . How bizarre? That didnt stop the intrepid OGs. Over 40.000 pages on the officers, the boats, technology and the Allied efforts to counter the U-boat threat. Thanks to the work of these three man, many Allied troops accomplished several effective bombings, destroying Nazi supplies and, naturally, messing with their plans. With a good categorising system, you will easily find whatever you are looking for, as well as much you were not. Mr. Mayer was recommended for a medal of honor in 1945 by a superior officer. But he wasnt so honored. . Sandler, meanwhile, could have been a scene stealer in the memorably violent role of Donowitz, but he had scheduling conflicts with the filming of the Judd Apatow comedy "Funny People." Theyd be sent into Nazi-occupied Europe and they knew what awaited them there as most were Jewish. In 2005, he and five others were honored by Austrian Chancellor Dr. Wolfgang Schssel for their athletic achievements and economic contributions to Austria. On May 7, an invitation-only screening of the film will open the GI Film Festival with a Congressional Reception at the U.S. Capitol Building to honor the veterans of the mission, including Mayer. In his book about the OSS Tom Moon described the torture. Genealogy for Franz Weber (1616 - 1698) family tree on Geni, with over 230 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Weber, Franz; Weber, Franz. Like many other Germans by the end of the war, Hofer was looking for a safeguard with the Allies to secure his own freedom. His captors, including Franz Hofer, the governor of the Alpine Redoubt and an immensely powerful man within Hitlers inner Circle, faced war crimes prosecution. Hes already seen the movie. And what a cast of characters: emigr Jews like Mayer and Wijnberg, bent on destroying the regime that had persecuted them and their families and, in Wijnbergs case, had even killed his parents; Lieutenant Weber, a German soldier currently on the run from a death sentence for desertion, then being handed out in the thousands by Nazi officials; not to mention Anna Niederkircher, the mother of Webers fiance. They traveled by ship to North Africa. Mayer, Wijnberg, and Weber were parachuted with their supplies into Austria on 26 February 1945 in total darkness which was why they ended up on the crest of the Sulztaler glacier some 9,000 feet up a mountain. He and his familyescaped to the USA in 1938. He was finally arrested when a black marketeer was caught by Nazi authorities and fingered Mayer as a spy. Not wanting to mess with a Wehrmacht officer, the inspector moved on. Though they managed to retrieve most of their supplies, their skis were another matter entirely, forcing them to climb down in waist-deep snow. This function has been disabled for WW2 Gravestone. In one of the most incredible scenes from World War II, Frederick Mayer approached the American lines and informed the advancing 103rd division that the Germans had surrendered Innsbruck to him, saving potentially thousands of German and American lives in the process. Zrich Airport. However, their plans failed when Mayer was arrested by Nazi officers in an attempt to get crucial information. Now, a new History Channel film, The Real Inglorious Bastards, returns to the true story chronicled in the book and captures Mayers amazing exploits in historically accurate detail. There was also the issue of competition: other great directors were also doing World War II epics in the late '90s, notably Steven Spielberg with "Saving Private Ryan" and Terrence Malick with "The Thin Red Line." Franz was the only son of this couple to survive into adulthood. Webers sister, a fervent anti-Nazi, managed to steal a German uniform that Weber himself wore on several occasions to attend informal events with some of the Nazi officers appointed in the region. ADVERTISING. Jason Dawsey, PhD. But unlike other refugees, Mayer decided to return to German-occupied Europe to strike back at the very individuals who imprisoned some of his family members in concentration camps. Franz Josef Huber ran the Gestapo secret police in Vienna. Privacy statement, cookies, disclaimer and copyright, On a journey of discovery to historical sites? The scene was filmed on a controlled "fire stage" set, but the flames ended up burning far hotter than anyone anticipated. By then it was April of 1945 and the Germans knew they were done. Being Jewish, the senior Mayers status couldnt protect them, so the family emigrated to the US in 1938. It brought profound and permanent social, governmental and cultural changes in the United States, and has had a great impact on how Americans regard themselves and . He died in Switzerland. The German officer in charge was one Franz Hofer. A pilot called Billings volunteered to drop them on a glacier. "We all sat around and everybody had their scripts and lines," Roth said. The third soldier was the Austrian Franz Weber, a Nazi officer who had deserted the army. They would use Weber and for this mission, it would be Mayer, Wynberg and Weber. The OSS went to the only available source of that nearly impossible combination: an Allied prisoner of war camp. Mayer and his five teammates were all European Jews and were languishing in Italy waiting for a mission. One of the mainsprings of the group spoke eight different languages, had fought and escaped from the French Legion, and had previously worked as a matre d at the Copacabana nightclub. Service on a half-dozen fronts, including the bloody struggle against Marshal Titos partisans in occupied Yugoslavia, has opened Webers eyes. The Germans even broke his teeth with a powerful haymaker punch while stuffing a pistol in his mouth. World War I, also called First World War or Great War, an international conflict that in 1914-18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along with Russia, the United States, the Middle East, and other regions. The Gestapo burst in and arrested Mayer and took him to their HQs. Few films could get away with an ending where a character turns to the camera and says, "This might just be my masterpiece," but "Inglourious Basterds" might trulybe QuentinTarantino's masterpiece. Later, Mayer changed his disguise and donned the clothing of a French electrician. In April, Mayers superiors needed info on an underground factory that made jet engines. Bahnhofplatz 9. One of the closest comparisons is to Operation Greenup, a spy mission which the National WWII Museum in New Orleans has called "The REAL Inglourious Basterds.". ORCID provides an identifier for individuals to use with their name as they engage in research, scholarship, and innovation activities. Do you have more information about this person? However, that doesn't mean the provocative auteur was taking a break from work; he was keeping busy writing scripts. But rather than doing that, why not just read the actual history of the war? He responded, Who do you think we are, Nazis?. So Matull hadnt entirely lied. Fred Mayer and his five Jewish cohorts, who had become best friends during the training, had had enough. The largest of the ghettos where Eastern European Jews were first confined and, later, deported to extermination camps by the Nazis was set up in Warsaw, Poland. Mayer became an Army Ranger and went on to join the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) the precursor of todays CIA. Service on a half-dozen fronts, including the bloody struggle against Marshal Tito's partisans in occupied Yugoslavia, has opened Weber's eyes. Privacy statement, cookies, disclaimer and copyright, On a journey of discovery to historical sites? 3, No. Looking for reliable information or news facts about WW2? Tarantino's movies, "Inglourious Basterds" included, generally have such excellent casting that it's often weird to read about who almost played their iconic characters instead. Hofer was later judged in absentia and sentenced to death in Austria in 1949. Just dont hurt my family., Mayer was disgusted, What the hell do you think we are? Read Next: OSS Finally Recognized More Than 70 Years Later By Congress. Contributor. One of the most popular genres of WWII literature is espionage, the spy novel, the thriller. Books abound on the topic, dealing with undercover operatives, double agents, and breathless derring-do. He dominated the sport of speed skiing from 1980 to 1985, winning over eighty percent of the races he entered. It was also a waystation for Jews being sent to Auschwitz..The guard that day in 1983 told me that . She was only 56 years old when she passed away. The trio got off at the town of Oberperfuss near Innsbruck and split up. The Messerschmitt design team were on to something . Eastern Prussian Provinces, Germany [Poland], Selected Civil Vitals, 1874-1945. Data gleaned from these reports helped US intelligence officers explode the myth that the Germans were concentrating men and weapons in the south for the Alpine redoubt. Despite being captured by the Gestapo and nearly tortured to death, Mayer was able to make contact with a number of local officials, including Franz Hofer, the Nazi Gauleiter(district leader) of Tyrol. On the outskirts of a sleepy West Virginia town lives 92-year-old Frederick Mayer. There was one person who didn't know, and he wasn't there the next day. It was difficult to find a suitable drop point, as the obvious places were all occupied by the enemy. Inform us! Enter Hermann Matull. One of the guards saw him, reported him to the authorities, and he was arrested. . OSS was the forerunner to both the Special Operations Command of the military, OSS Jedburgh and Operation Groups were the units that became the US Army Special Forces and Navy SEALs owe part of their legacy to OSS Maritime Group operatives, where one of them invented the US version of SCUBA. Franz Ferdinand was born in Graz, Austria, on December 18, 1863, the oldest son of Archduke Karl Ludwig, who was the younger brother of Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph. A German soldier, Matull had deserted and was caught by the Allies who threw him into a POW camp. Mayers incredible story provided the basis for my book They Dared Return: The True Story of Jewish Spies Behind the Lines in Nazi Germany. With robust designs and vintage classic style, discover the heritage of military timepieces today! Franz Weber. One recruit summed up the band of desperadoes: The whole bunch were the craziest people I ever met in my entire life.. In an article about the film in The Guardian, Tarantino is quoted as refusing to explain the "u" in "Inglourious" but does explain the "e" in "Basterds": "That's just the way you say it: basterds.". Tarantino takes all of his characters very seriously, even the most minor ones, and expects the actors he casts to prepare for their roles with similar seriousness. As reported in The New York Times, Tarantino had intended his follow-up to "Jackie Brown" to be a World War II epic then titled "Inglorious Bastards" (with proper spelling). I dont stay up late anymore.. Their task was to penetrate one of the most secured areas of the Third Reich, an area of Austria near Innsbruck, where Nazis reportedly had been fortifying and massing vast quantities of troops and supplies. The two men are Brooklyn to the core, and they even overlay a map of their New York borough onto that of Tyrol, to have a whole set of code names for various Tyrolean locales that would utterly baffle the Nazis. Birth, Baptism & Christening. He acted as the breadwinner while working as a mechanic at companies such as General Motors and Ford. The interrogation was watched by a third man, who eventually took Mayer to the house of Franz Hofer, the local Gauleiter [Nazi Party boss]. Hollywood tried to capture an actual OSS operation in a highly fictionalized film called Inglorious Basterds by Quentin Tarantino. For his bravery, Mayer received the Legion of Merit and a Purple Heart. Cuffing his hands in front of him and pulling his arms over his bent knees, they forced him into a constricting fetal position, then shoved the barrel of a long rifle into the tiny gap behind his knees and his cuffed hands. However, Inglorious Basterds highlights the work of one group specifically: "Operation Greenup, a real American battalion in charge of a similar mission. It's aged well, winning IndieWire's critics' poll for the best Tarantino movie a decade after its release. During these discussions, it was agreed that the Germans under Hofer should surrender to Mayer, as the representative of the US military.

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