Eliza Moore (1843 - January 21, 1948) Source = Pinimg. Join me as I present this NEW webinar that covers why we miss our ancestors in these records and presents numerous strategies to assist in finding every clue in census records. However, the common practice by slaveholders was to only use the given names of enslaved people in documents such as estate papers, court and deed records. This topic interests me greatly and Id like to do more research. Each is present in your body. The name.Auber.is also.in.Haiti and.is of.French orign. 6. Lori Wilson Picks Up Baton to Remove Slavery Language From Californias Constitution, New Assembly Bill Would Ban Use of Police Canines for Arrests, Crowd Control, Proudly powered by Newspack by Automattic. Thank you as always, your posts are so helpful. Thats a goal that I am working towards. If the former slave had been befriended or assisted in getting established after the Civil War, they might have taken that person's name. Jackson: This name is a patronymic of Jack. For more information about the records covered in this index,please contact the History and Genealogy Department. Chery Meaning: derived from the Latin Cariacus, which means "land belonging to Cariu"; darling Origin: French 5. The most common of 603 names of female Slaves were Bet, Mary, Jane, Hanna, Betty, Sarah, Phillis, Nan, Peg, and Sary. . CLICK HERE TO REGISTER NOW! A small number of creoles in Louisiana also acquired surnames derived from ethnic identities in Senegal. Through a video-based activity, students examine Americas struggle for a stronger democracy during Reconstruction and today. Just makes me sad for the human spirit that anyone, let alone hundreds of thousands of people could participate in it. One former slave Bill Scott from Wessyngton reported in his pension application for military service that when he enlisted in the Union Army officials put down his surname as Washington. Facing History & Ourselves uses lessons of history to challenge teachers and their students to stand up to bigotry and hate. Register now! Explore the most common surnames in England. Lastly,emancipation itself often provoked many to choose new surnames, one of the few actual freedoms freedmen had. Robyn, youve done it again! Drawing on extensive archival records, this digital memorial allows analysis of the ships, traders, and captives in the Atlantic slave trade. . Caps statement implies that choosing his own surname was a part of exercising his newfound freedom. 2019 (cited under the Anglophone Caribbean) includes a good general introduction to slave naming. Former slaves often made up surnames based on their occupations. Throughout the colonial period, as many as one-fifth of the enslaved people in North Carolina retained African names; Quash, Cuffee, Mingo, Sambo, Mustapha, and Sukey were among the most common recorded. Each name was a clue to her origins. Florence, Fiorella, Fleur, and Flower are translations, but we like Flora best of all. Ninety percent of them were African-American, a far higher black percentage than for any other common name. On the U.S. Federal census that year, Wesley's birthplace was recorded as Alabama, the same as his father, and his mother's birthplace was South Carolina . Another common practice was to select a surname that fit the personality of an individual, such as Hardy or Rambler. If a surname was needed, the slave owners family name might be used. Newly emancipated slaves also frequently chose new first names, discarding those associated with slavery. . I mean, really retro. This unique-sounding French last name means 'bold' or 'daring'. Slavery is a social-economic system under which people are enslaved: deprived of personal freedom and forced to perform labor or services without compensation. One thing for sure, historians are always expanding our knowledge on this topic.BTW, I am a big fan of your website and your work in the field! 42. They cut it off from OCTAVIA. The association with the infamous Nero, the fiddling Roman emperor, would be unavoidable. One thing I envy about the Catholic church is the baptisms available for even the enslaved people there. What remains utterly amazing to me is that in the worst of circumstances, and in spite of every attempt to crush any idea that slaves were anything other than commodities, slaveholders did not succeed. Manifests - Alphabetical by Slave Names Return to Slave Manifests main page Click on each Slave name to view information on that voyage. Testimony of Dick Lewis Barnett, May 17, 1911: I am 65 years of age; my post office address is Okmulgee Okla. . Copy this link, or click below to email it to a friend. I love that your example shows two brothers, who came to different conclusions about their surnames. 1. The names that were brought together to form "Geffery" were "Gaufrid" (territory-peace), "Godafrid" (god-peace), and "Galfridus" (song-peace). by John C. Inscoe, 2006; Revised May 2022 by NC Government & Heritage Library. ", "If you look deeply into the palm of your hand, you will see your parents and all the generations of your ancestors. . Although it is not widely known, some African Americans used surnames before they were emancipated. It helps me to understand the complexity of surname variation I have found in researching the ancestral patterns of an African-American cemetery in my local area. The surname Williams occurs roughly 550 times per 100,000 people in the U.S. You can find explanations for each of the table columns below, or use the following links to view more last names for different ancestries. Search 31 million family names. Former slaves often made up surnames based on their occupations. Can you steer me in the right direction? Most Popular African Last Names Or Surnames. Q. ", "Case Overview: Ann Williams, Ann Maria Williams, Tobias Williams, & John Williams v. George Miller & George Miller Jr", "Augustine Tolton: From slavery to being the first black priest", "Cornish (and Other) Personal Names from the 10th Century Bodmin Manumissions", "Gospel-book with added Cornish records of manumissions ('The Bodmin Gospels' or 'St Petroc Gospels')", "Following Brigid's Way The Irish Catholic", Charity Folks, Lost Royalty, and the Bishop Family of Maryland and New York, "The Untold Story of How an Escaped Slave Helped Sir Francis Drake Circumnavigate the Globe", "Slave's 400-year-old grave in Dutch Jewish cemetery now a Black pilgrimage site" by Cnaan Lipshiz, Times of Israel, 6 February 2021, Roman Theater and Society: E. Togo Salmon Papers I, "Professor Says He Has Solved a Mystery Over a Slave's Novel", "Day of history to unfold in Muthill museum", "Cornelius Tacitus, The History, Book I, chapter 13", "An Old Actor's Memories; What Mt. Relish, (Old French Origin) Derived from relaisse meaning "flavor or taste". Who called you by that name and where was it done? Here, our list of notable early African American names. The Language of Names. Ho Joanne, . Names. 18. Places; Login. I was only three years old when she died. Many names, whether African derived or English, refer to birth circumstances, including both the ubiquitous day-names, which derive from the West African Akan-Twi language group, and others such as birth order and time of birth (e.g., day of the week, month, or season). Just from the detail in your first comment, I knew there was a good chance you were already familiar with those authors. Another myth is once African Americans were sold they never saw their families again. 2. Slaves were generally listed with just one name and thus with little to none of the genealogical information recorded for free whites. A. Mr. Thomas Jefferson of Louisville, bought me when I was three years of age from Mr. Dearing. If the slaveholder or another free white man was their father, many Creoles did use either is first or last name as a surname. See flier for details; cost of this event is $25. Elaine Fantham, Helene Peet Foley, Natalie Boymel Kampen, Sarah B. Pomeroy, H. A. Shapiro. Most Popular Names. 30 January 2022, [PAST EVENT], Eastern Standard Time: Join special guest genealogist Taneya Y. Koonce and I as we present our joint Zoom webinar, Organize Your Genealogy! I am the applicant for pension on account of having served in Co. B. Now, that parent's surname could very well be the surname of the most recent slaveholder or an earlier slaveholder. A. I was first called by that name in the family of Col. Morrow in whose service I was in Louisville, Ky., just after the war. I was born in Montgomery County, Ala. the child of Phillis Houston, slave of Sol Smith. The following is a list of historical people who were enslaved at some point during their lives, in alphabetical order by first name. I hope you dont mind my sharing those posts. Clark is a common surname of Anglo-Scottish origin. Our headquarters are located at: 89 South Street, Suite 401, Boston, MA 02111. . Students explore the legacies of the Reconstruction era today, reflect on the idea of democracy as a continuous process, and consider how they can best participate in the ongoing work of strengthening our democracy. Also largely unrecorded are the alternative names the enslaved used among themselves, sometimes called country names or basket names; they may also, according to African practice, have had multiple names over a lifetime. 1412 S. Spoede Rd., St. Louis, MO 63131-2557. please contact the History and Genealogy Department. Im jealous;) The common names there (Marie, Louise, etc) would test anyones genealogical skills, so I take my hat off to you. Seating is limited. They reflect an acculturation process by which generations of enslaved people, increasingly removed from the direct influence of their first enslaved African ancestors, adopted the conventions of their enslavers, eventually creating a culture and value system all their own. A. Mr. Thomas Jefferson of Louisville, bought me when I was three years of age from Mr. Dearing. They identified 21 distinctly Black male names, among them biblical classics such as Abraham and Moses, and word names including Freeman and Prince. Ebba: One of the more unique girl names from the 1800s. Examples include: Francois, Jean, Pierre, and Leon for men; and Manon, Delphine, Marie Louise, Celeste, and Eugenie for women. Recognizable patterns of change in names and naming practices are evident from the mid-eighteenth century to the early nineteenth century and on through the 1860s. I worked for him as nurse for his children, and my full and correct name was OCTAVIA, but the family could not catch on to that long name and called me LOTTIE for short.